Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to the Coronavirus
As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Wilmington Treatment Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Wilmington Treatment Center.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • We are offering visitation through telehealth services so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services are being vetted and may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html

Signs & Effects of Cocaine Abuse

Understanding Cocaine Addiction

Learn About Cocaine Abuse & Addiction

Cocaine is a potent and highly powerful substance that is abused by many. This stimulant, which is also known as coke, is often consumed because it brings on intense feelings of invincibility and happiness. It can also increase one’s self-esteem, enhance perception, and bring on a sense of grandiosity. Cocaine can be smoked, injected, or snorted, but the high that comes with it is short and lasts less than 30 minutes in most cases. This drug can cause pleasurable sensations, however they only last for a short period of time, making individuals more likely to use more and more of it to keep their high going. As the dosage increases, or when the frequency in which individuals are using this substance increases, changes within the brain start occurring. These changes can then lead to tolerance, dependence, and addiction. Sadly, once an individual has become addicted to cocaine, it can be incredibly hard for him or her to stop using without professional help.

Statistics

Statistics of Cocaine Abuse

According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), 0.3 percent of those aged 18 and older struggle with cocaine use disorder. Additionally, the National Drug Control Policy states that roughly 3.6 million individuals use cocaine regularly within the country.

Causes & Risk Factors

Causes & Risk Factors of Cocaine Abuse

There are a variety of causes and risk factors linked to an individual’s vulnerability to developing a cocaine use disorder, including:

Environmental: The APA states that there are a number of ways in which an individual’s environment can influence the onset of cocaine abuse. For instance, being exposed to cocaine prenatally, witnessing community violence, having parents who abuse this substance, and living within a home that is unstable can all add to the likelihood of experimenting with and abusing cocaine.

Risk Factors:

  • Ease of access with which one can obtain cocaine
  • Possessing an impulsive personality or other similar traits
  • Being surrounded by individuals who abuse cocaine or other drugs
  • Having a history of childhood conduct disorder
  • Suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or antisocial personality disorder

Signs & Symptoms

Signs & Symptoms of Cocaine Abuse

The signs and symptoms that an individual might display when he or she is abusing cocaine can vary from individual to individual. However, the following are some examples of signs and symptoms that may be observable by others and infer a person is abusing this dangerous drug:

Behavioral Symptoms:

  • Rapid speech
  • Hypervigilance
  • Participating in dangerous or high-risk activities to obtain cocaine
  • Abusing cocaine in increasingly larger amounts over longer periods of time than originally planned
  • Failing to take care of responsibilities at home
  • Continuing to abuse cocaine despite the desire to quit
  • Jumping from topic to topic while in conversation
  • Engaging in repetitive movements
  • Failing to fulfill obligations at work
  • Acting out of character in social settings

Physical symptoms:

  • Muscular weakness
  • Dilated pupils
  • Decreased appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Increased body temperature
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Elevated or lowered blood pressure
  • Seizures

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Confusion
  • Experiencing intense cravings for cocaine
  • Impaired judgment
  • Paranoia
  • Euphoria

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Anxiety
  • Experiencing episodes of unwarranted anger
  • Heightened states of irritability and agitation
  • Lacking emotional reactivity

Effects

Effects of Cocaine Abuse

When individuals continue to abuse cocaine, they put themselves at risk for serious consequences. All areas of their lives can become negatively affected when the abuse of cocaine is continued. Some of the ways that cocaine can impact an individual’s life can include:

  • Financial turmoil
  • Loss of one’s sense of smell
  • Failing to attend to one’s occupational responsibilities, potentially resulting in job loss
  • Malnutrition
  • Interaction with law enforcement
  • Damaging one’s kidney, liver, or lungs
  • Loss of child custody
  • Damage to the cardiovascular system
  • Familial conflict
  • Marital strife or divorce
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cognitive impairment

Co-Occurring Disorders

Cocaine Abuse & Co-Occurring Disorders

Unfortunately, it is common for individuals with cocaine use disorder to also battle symptoms of other mental health conditions. Some of these co-occurring conditions can include:

  • Other substance use disorders
  • Gambling disorder
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Conduct disorder

Effects of Withdrawal & Overdose

Effects of Withdrawal & Overdose from Cocaine

Effects of cocaine withdrawal: When an individual abuses cocaine and then tries to stop or curb how much he or she is consuming, withdrawal will occur. The symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can be painful and can show up within a few hours after one’s last use. Some of the possible symptoms and effects that might occur during cocaine withdrawal can include:

  • Fatigue
  • Increased appetite
  • Extremely strong cravings for cocaine
  • Weight gain
  • Disturbed occupational functioning
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Vivid, unpleasant dreams
  • Dysphoric mood
  • Disturbed social functioning
  • Psychomotor agitation
  • Psychomotor retardation

Effects of cocaine overdose: When individuals abuse cocaine, they are putting themselves at risk for experiencing an overdose. An overdose happens when an individual consumes more of a substance than his or her body is able to handle. Since cocaine is so potent, and because it is able to cross the blood-brain barrier so quickly, people can easily consume more than their bodies can metabolize without even knowing it. If someone overdoses on cocaine, it should be treated as a medical emergency, and treatment should be obtained immediately. Some of the signs that can signal that someone is having a cocaine overdose include:

  • Heart palpitations
  • Flushing of the skin
  • Cramping
  • Vomiting
  • Chest pains
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Excessive sweating
  • Hypertension
  • Stroke
  • Seizures
  • Panicked feelings
  • Irregular breathing

Since coming home, I have been feeling great and am so happy with everything I learned at WTC. My communication with my husband has improved so much, as well as with my kids. I’m also so calm at the end of the day, which I wasn't before. The best part? I've been free from cocaine for almost 3 years! Thank you!

– Eloise B.
We are affiliated with the following organizations, which provide accreditation, education, and training to ensure quality behavioral health and addiction treatment.
  • American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM)
  • The Joint Commission (JCAHO) Gold Seal of Approval
  • Tricare
  • The Jason Foundation